Is Cat Poop Some Risk For Public Health?
Every year, 1.2 metric tons of cat feces are deposited in the US, raising the risk of infection with the Toxoplasma gondii parasite, researchers from the Stanley Medical Research Institute and Johns Hopkins University Medical Center reported in Trends in Parasitology (July 10th, 2013 issue).
Some cat feces are contaminated with Toxoplasma gondii, a protozoan recognized to cause toxoplasmosis outbreaks in healthy people, not only patients with destabilized natural defenses and pregnant moms.
Co-author, E. Larger Torrey, stated: “The buildup of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts, present in cat feces, can be a larger problem than we understand due to their apparent lengthy existence as well as their connection to some illnesses.”
Torrey stated government bodies have to gain better charge of cat populations, especially feral cats. Also, he known as for additional research.
American backyards and towns contain between 3 and 400 oocysts per square ft. Just one Toxoplasma gondii oocyst can infect an individual.
Cats become infected once they catch infected rodents, wild birds along with other small animals. The infected cat then propagates oocysts through its feces in soil, water, grass, etc.
For those who have a dog cat, no rodents or rats in your house as well as your pet stays inside constantly, you’ve got nothing to bother with, Torrey stated. Whether it does spend some time outdoors, be very careful with kitty litter boxes, ensures sandboxes are covered, and put on mitts when you’re gardening.
Torrey cited one study showing that 100 T. gondii oocysts might be found beneath your finger nails.
Co-author Robert Yolken states parents, instructors and parents have to be extra careful with youthful children.
Should we get tested? – Torrey says: “No, except perhaps in the case of pregnant women. Fifteen percent of us have antibodies, including me.” Somebody may test positive one day and negative the next.
Toxoplasmosis prevention in newborns inadequate in USA – American babies born with toxoplasmosis have significantly higher rates of eye and brain damage compared to infants in Europe, researchers from Stanford University School of Medicine reported in Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.
What is Toxoplasmosis?
Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by the common Toxoplasma gondii parasite.
Signs and symptoms of toxoplasmosis are usually “flu-like” and may include
- Sore throat (less common)
- Swollen lymph glands
- Tiredness (fatigue)
The majority of infected people will have no signs or symptoms at all.
For people with weakened immune systems, such as patients with cancer, AIDS, or transplant organ recipients on immunosuppressive medications, signs and symptoms may include the same as those listed above, plus:
- Coordination problems
- Seizures (fits)
- Tuberculosis-like complications
- Ocular toxoplasmosis – severe inflammation of the retina
Toxoplasmosis during pregnancy
If your pregnant lady becomes have contracted Toxoplasma gondii, there’s a 30% chance the unborn child may also become infected (hereditary toxoplasmosis), even when mom doesn’t have signs and symptoms.
The pregnant mother is more prone to spread the problem throughout the third trimester. However, the chance of more severe outcomes is larger previously throughout the pregnancy.
The next risks and complications are possible when the pregnant mother becomes have contracted Toxoplasma gondii:
- Miscarriage or stillbirth
- The baby may suffer from seizures
- The newborn will have jaundice
- The infant may have serious eye infections
- The newborn may have brain damage
- The baby’s liver and spleen may be enlarged
- Most complications appear when the child is a teenager or later, and may include:
– recurrent and serious eye infections
– rheumatoid arthritis
– brain cancer
– mental problems, including schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and problems in school
Cat population explosion worldwide
As history, Torry and Yolken informed that between 1989 and 2006 in america, cat possession rose by about 50%, from 54.six million to 81.seven million. However, throughout the same period, the nation’s population increased by only 23%. There’s also between 25 and 60 million feral cats in america.
Within the United kingdom, cat possession rose from 4.5 million in 1990 to eight million in ’09. Cat possession has elevated around the globe, particularly in China and South America.
Some cat proprietors are not far from their pets. Torrey cited one study showing that 62% of cats sleep using their adult proprietors and the other 13% rested with children.