Cancer Of The Breast: Causes, Signs and symptoms and Remedies

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MNT Knowledge Center

Breast cancer is a kind of cancer that develops from breast cells.

Cancer of the breast usually begins within the inner lining of milk ductwork or even the lobules supplying all of them with milk. A malignant tumor can spread with other areas of the body. A cancer of the breast that began off within the lobules is called lobular carcinoma, while one which developed in the ductwork is known as ductal carcinoma.

Most cancer of the breast cases exist in women. This short article concentrates on cancer of the breast in females. We have articles about male cancer of the breast.

Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in females worldwide.

It makes up about 16% of female cancers and 22.9% of invasive cancers in females. 18.2% of cancer deaths worldwide, including both males and women, come from cancer of the breast.

Cancer of the breast minute rates are much greater in developed nations in comparison to developing ones. There are many causes of this, with possibly existence-expectancy being among the important aspects – cancer of the breast is much more common in seniors women women within the wealthiest nations live considerably longer than individuals within the poorest nations. The various lifestyles and eating routine of women in wealthy and poor nations will also be contributory factors, experts believe.

Based on the National Cancer Institute, 232,340 female cancers of the breast and a pair of,240 male cancers of the breast are reported in the united states every year, along with 39,620 deaths brought on by the condition.

Contents of this article:

  1. Breast anatomy and breast cancer symptoms
  2. Causes and diagnosis
  3. Treatments and prevention
  4. Latest research

The anatomy of a female breast

Breast anatomy normal scheme
1. Chest wall. 2. Pectoralis muscles. 3. Lobules (glands that make milk). 4. Nipple surface. 5. Areola. 6. Lactiferous duct tube that carries milk to the nipple. 7. Fatty tissue. 8. Skin.
Image by Patrick J. Lynch and Morgoth666

An adult human female’s breast includes fat, ligament and 1000’s of lobules – small glands which produce milk. The milk of the breastfeeding mother experiences small ductwork (tubes) and it is shipped with the nipple.

The breast, like every other area of the body, includes vast amounts of microscopic cells. These cells multiply within an orderly fashion – new cells are created to replace those that died.

In cancer, cells multiply uncontrollably, and you will find a lot of cells, progressively increasingly more than there must be.

Cancer that starts within the lactiferous duct (milk duct), referred to as ductal carcinoma, is easily the most common type. Cancer that starts within the lobules, referred to as lobular carcinoma, far less common.

Symptoms of breast cancer

Some of the possible early signs of breast cancer
Wikimedia Commons

An indicator is just gone through by the individual, and it is described towards the physician or nurse, like a headache or discomfort. An indication is one thing the individual yet others can identify, for instance, a rash or swelling.

The very first signs and symptoms of cancer of the breast are often a place of thickened tissue within the woman’s breast, or perhaps a lump. Nearly all protuberances aren’t cancerous however, women is deserving of them checked with a doctor.

Women who detect any of the following signs or symptoms should tell their doctor (NHS, UK):

  • A lump in a breast
  • A pain in the armpits or breast that does not seem to be related to the woman’s menstrual period
  • Pitting or redness of the skin of the breast; like the skin of an orange
  • A rash around (or on) one of the nipples
  • A swelling (lump) in one of the armpits
  • An area of thickened tissue in a breast
  • One of the nipples has a discharge; sometimes it may contain blood
  • The nipple changes in appearance; it may become sunken or inverted
  • The size or the shape of the breast changes
  • The nipple-skin or breast-skin may have started to peel, scale or flake.

On the next page we look at the causes of breast cancer and how breast cancer can be diagnosed.

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Causes of breast cancer

Experts are not definitively sure what causes breast cancer. It is hard to say why one person develops the disease while another does not. We know that some risk factors can impact on a woman’s likelihood of developing breast cancer. These are:

1) Getting older

The older a woman gets, the higher is her risk of developing breast cancer; age is a risk factor. Over 80% of all female breast cancers occur among women aged 50+ years (after the menopause).

2) Genetics

Ladies who possess a close relative that hasOrexperienced breast or ovarian cancer are more inclined to develop cancer of the breast. If two close family people get the disease, it doesn’t always mean they shared the genes which make them more susceptible, because cancer of the breast is really a relatively common cancer.

Nearly all cancers of the breast aren’t hereditary.

Ladies who carry the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes possess a significantly greater chance of developing breast and/or ovarian cancer. These genes could be inherited. TP53, another gene, can also be associated with greater cancer of the breast risk.

3) A history of breast cancer

Women who have had breast cancer, even non-invasive cancer, are more likely to develop the disease again, compared to women who have no history of the disease.

4) Having had certain types of breast lumps

Women who have had some types of benign (non-cancerous) breast lumps are more likely to develop cancer later on. Examples include atypical ductal hyperplasia or lobular carcinoma in situ.

5) Dense breast tissue

Women with more dense breast tissue have a greater chance of developing breast cancer.

6) Estrogen exposure

Women who started having periods earlier or entered menopause later than usual have a higher risk of developing breast cancer. This is because their bodies have been exposed to estrogen for longer. Estrogen exposure begins when periods start, and drops dramatically during the menopause.

7) Obesity

Post-menopausal obese and overweight women may have a higher risk of developing breast cancer. Experts say that there are higher levels of estrogen in obese menopausal women, which may be the cause of the higher risk.

8) Height

Taller-than-average women have a slightly greater likelihood of developing breast cancer than shorter-than-average women. Experts are not sure why.

9) Alcohol consumption

The more alcohol a woman regularly drinks, the higher her risk of developing breast cancer is. The Mayo Clinic says that if a woman wants to drink, she should not exceed one alcoholic beverage per day.

10) Radiation exposure

Undergoing X-rays and CT scans may raise a woman’s risk of developing breast cancer slightly. Scientists at the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center found that women who had been treated with radiation to the chest for a childhood cancer have a higher risk of developing breast cancer.

11) HRT (hormone replacement therapy)

Both forms, combined and estrogen-only HRT therapies may increase a woman’s risk of developing breast cancer slightly. Combined HRT causes a higher risk.

12) Certain jobs

French researchers found that women who worked at night prior to a first pregnancy had a higher risk of eventually developing breast cancer.

Canadian researchers found that certain jobs, especially those that bring the human body into contact with possible carcinogens and endocrine disruptors are linked to a higher risk of developing breast cancer. Examples include bar/gambling, automotive plastics manufacturing, metal-working, food canning and agriculture. They reported their findings in the November 2012 issue of Environmental Health.

Cosmetic implants may undermine breast cancer survival

Ladies who have cosmetic breast enlargements and develop cancer of the breast could have a greater chance of dying prematurely make up the disease in comparison with other women, scientists from Canada reported within the BMJ (British Medical Journal) (May 2013 issue).

They checked out twelve peer-reviewed articles on observational studies this was transported in Europe, the united states and Canada.

Experts had lengthy-wondered whether cosmetic breast enlargements will make it harder to place malignancy in an initial phase, simply because they produce shadows on mammograms.

Within this latest study, the authors discovered that a lady having a cosmetic breast implant includes a 25% greater chance of being identified with cancer of the breast once the disease has advanced, in comparison to individuals without any implants.

Women with cosmetic breast enlargements who’re identified with cancer of the breast possess a 38% greater chance of dying in the disease, in comparison with other patients identified with similar disease who’ve no implants, the scientists authored.

After warning there were some restrictions within the twelve studies they checked out, the authors came to the conclusion “Further research are warranted in to the lengthy term results of cosmetic breast enlargements around the recognition and prognosis of cancer of the breast, modifying for potential confounders.”

Recent developments on breast cancer causes from MNT news

Cancer of the breast less inclined to recur in females with good reputation for breastfeeding

Breastfeeding is connected having a 30% overall decreased chance of cancer of the breast recurrence among ladies who have formerly had one subtype from the disease, according to a different study printed within the Journal from the National Cancer Institute.

‘Rogue’ milk-creating protein helps cancer of the breast spread

New information printed in PLOS You find a hyperlink from a protein required for milk production as well as an elevated metastasis of cancer of the breast. The protein under consideration seems to assist breast cancer’s advance through two separate pathways.

Study links high sugar intake to elevated chance of cancer of the breast

With regards to the increasing rates of weight problems, sugar is considered a vital offender. But high sugar intake might not only result in putting on weight new research claims it may increase the chance of cancer of the breast and hasten spread from the disease towards the lung area.

Alcohol triggers cancer of the breast-causing gene

Every year, many 1000’s of installments of cancer of the breast in america and Europe are associated with drinking, which is also associated with an elevated chance of cancer recurrence in females with early-stage cancer of the breast. Now, new research supplies a direct outcomes of alcohol, oestrogen along with a cancer-causing gene.

Invasive and non-invasive breast cancer

Invasive breast cancer – the cancer cells break out from inside the lobules or ducts and invade nearby tissue. With this type of cancer, the abnormal cells can reach the lymph nodes, and eventually make their way to other organs (metastasis), such as the bones, liver or lungs. The abnormal (cancer) cells can travel through the bloodstream or the lymphatic system to other parts of the body; either early on in the disease, or later.

Non-invasive breast cancer – this is when the cancer is still inside its place of origin and has not broken out. Lobular carcinoma in situ is when the cancer is still inside the lobules, while ductal carcinoma in situ is when they are still inside the milk ducts. “In situ” means “in its original place”. Sometimes, this type of breast cancer is called “pre-cancerous”; this means that although the abnormal cells have not spread outside their place of origin, they can eventually develop into invasive breast cancer.

Diagnosing breast cancer

Women are often identified with cancer of the breast following a routine cancer of the breast screening, or after discovering certain signs and signs and symptoms to see their physician about the subject.

If your lady detects the cancer of the breast signs and signs and symptoms described above, she should talk to her physician immediately. The physician, frequently a doctor (doctor, GP) initially, will do a physical exam, after which refer the individual to some specialist if he/she thinks further assessment is required.

Here are good examples of tests and methods for cancer of the breast:

1) Breast exam

The physician will check both the patient’s breasts, looking out for lumps and other possible abnormalities, such as inverted nipples, nipple discharge, or change in breast shape. The patient will be asked to sit/stand with her arms in different positions, such as above her head and by her sides.

2) X-ray (mammogram)

Commonly used for breast cancer screening. If anything unusual is found, the doctor may order a diagnostic mammogram.

A radiologist examining mammogram results on a screen

Cancer of the breast screening has turned into a questionable subject during the last couple of years. Experts, professional physiques, and patient groups cannot presently agree with when mammography screening should start and just how frequently it ought to occur. Some say routine screening should start once the lady is age forty, others insist upon 50 because the best age, along with a couple of think that only high-risk groups must have routine screening.

In This summer, 2012, The Ama stated that ladies ought to be qualified for screening mammography from age 40, and it ought to be covered with insurance.

Inside a Special Report within the Lancet (October 30th, 2012 issue), a panel of experts described that cancer of the breast screening reduces the chance of dying in the disease. However, they added it also produces more installments of false-good results, where women finish up getting unnecessary biopsies and harmless growths are surgically removed.

In another study, transported out by researchers in the The Dartmouth Institute for Healthy Policy & Clinical Practice in Lebanon, N.H., and reported within the Colonial Journal of drugs (November 2012 issue), scientists discovered that mammograms don’t reduce cancer of the breast dying rates.

3) 2D combined with 3D mammograms

three dimensional mammograms, when used together with regular 2D mammograms put together to lessen the incidence of false positives, scientists in the College of Sydney’s School of Public Health, Australia, reported within the Lancet Oncology.

The scientists screened 7,292 adult women, average age 58 years. Their initial screening ended using 2D mammograms, and they went through a mix of 2D and three dimensional mammograms.

Professor Nehmat Houssami and team found 59 cancers in 57 patients. 66% from the cancers were detected both in 2D and combined 2D/three dimensional screenings. However, 33% of these were only detected while using 2D plus three dimensional combination.

They also discovered that 2D plus three dimensional combination screenings were associated with a significantly lower quantity of false positives. When utilizing just 2D screenings there have been 141 false positives, in comparison to 73 while using 2D plus three dimensional combination.

Prof. Houssami stated “Although questionable, mammography screening may be the only population-level early recognition strategy that’s been proven to lessen cancer of the breast mortality in randomized tests. Regardless of are you going to from the mammography screening debate one supports, efforts ought to be designed to investigate techniques that enhance the caliber of, and therefore potential take advantage of, mammography screening.

We’ve proven that integrated 2D and three dimensional mammography in population breast-cancer screening increases recognition of cancer of the breast and may reduce false-positive recalls with respect to the recall strategy. Our results don’t warrant an instantaneous switch to breast-screening practice, rather, they reveal the urgent requirement for randomised controlled tests of integrated 2D and three dimensional versus 2D mammography.”

4) Breast ultrasound

This type of scan may help doctors decide whether a lump or abnormality is a solid mass or a fluid-filled cyst.

5) Biopsy

A sample of tissue from an apparent abnormality, such as a lump, is surgically removed and sent to the lab for analysis. It the cells are found to be cancerous, the lab will also determine what type of breast cancer it is, and the grade of cancer (aggressiveness). Scientists from the Technical University of Munich found that for an accurate diagnosis, multiple tumor sites need to be taken.

6) Breast MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan

A dye is injected into the patient. This type of scan helps the doctor determine the extent of the cancer. Researchers from the University of California in San Francisco found that MRI provides a useful indication of a breast tumor’s response to pre-surgical chemotherapy much earlier than possible through clinical examination.

Recent developments on breast cancer diagnosis

New evidence that MRI might help predict cancer of the breast in certain women

According to a different study printed within the journal Radiology, magnetic resonance imaging scans might help predict which women are likely to build up cancer of the breast later on.

Mammography still perfect for cancer of the breast screening, experts find

An worldwide number of independent cancer of the breast experts have met to judge the advantages of different techniques of screening for cancer of the breast, coming by the end that mammography is the best for reducing cancer of the breast mortality in females aged 50 plus.

Cancer of the breast relapse might be predicted with new bloodstream test

An evaluation that identifies genetic information within the bloodstream accumulates sensitive levels of DNA you can use to shape choices about cancer treatment.

Pill that ‘lights up’ cancer of the breast can lead to better screening

Cancer of the breast screening might be made better with the aid of an dental pill that “illuminatesInch cancerous growths. This really is based on new information lately presented in the 251st National Meeting & Exposition from the American Chemical Society in North Park, CA.

Breast cancer staging

Staging describes the extent of the cancer in the patient’s body and is based on whether it is invasive or non-invasive, how large the tumor is, whether lymph nodes are involved and how many, and whether it has metastasized (spread to other parts of the body).

A cancer’s stage is a crucial factor in deciding what treatment options to recommend, and in determining the patient’s prognosis.

Staging is done after cancer is diagnosed. To do the staging, the doctor may order several different tests, including blood tests, a mammogram, a chest X-ray, a bone scan, a CT scan, or a PET scan.

On the next page we look at the available treatments for breast cancer and ways in which you can reduce your chances of getting breast cancer.

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Treatments for breast cancer

A multidisciplinary team will be involved in a breast cancer patient’s treatment. The team may consists of an oncologist, radiologist, specialist cancer surgeon, specialist nurse, pathologist, radiologist, radiographer, and reconstructive surgeon. Sometimes the team may also include an occupational therapist, psychologist, dietitian, and physical therapist.

The team will take into account several factors when deciding on the best treatment for the patient, including:

  • The type of breast cancer
  • The stage and grade of the breast cancer – how large the tumor is, whether or not it has spread, and if so how far
  • Whether or not the cancer cells are sensitive to hormones
  • The patient’s overall health
  • The age of the patient (has she been through the menopause?)
  • The patient’s own preferences.

The main breast cancer treatment options may include:

  • Radiation therapy (radiotherapy)
  • Surgery
  • Biological therapy (targeted drug therapy)
  • Hormone therapy
  • Chemotherapy.

Surgery

  • Lumpectomy – surgically removing the tumor and a small margin of healthy tissue around it. In breast cancer, this is often called breast-sparing surgery. This type of surgery may be recommended if the tumor is small and the surgeon believes it will be easy to separate from the tissue around it.
  • Mastectomy – surgically removing the breast. Simple mastectomy involves removing the lobules, ducts, fatty tissue, nipple, areola, and some skin. Radical mastectomy means also removing muscle of the chest wall and the lymph nodes in the armpit.
  • Sentinel node biopsy – one lymph node is surgically removed. If the breast cancer has reached a lymph node it can spread further through the lymphatic system into other parts of the body.
  • Axillary lymph node dissection – if the sentinel node was found to have cancer cells, the surgeon may recommend removing several nymph nodes in the armpit.
  • Breast reconstruction surgery – a series of surgical procedures aimed at recreating a breast so that it looks as much as possible like the other breast. This procedure may be carried out at the same time as a mastectomy. The surgeon may use a breast implant, or tissue from another part of the patient’s body.

Radiation therapy (radiotherapy)

Controlled doses of radiation are targeted at the tumor to destroy the cancer cells. Usually, radiotherapy is used after surgery, as well as chemotherapy to kill off any cancer cells that may still be around. Typically, radiation therapy occurs about one month after surgery or chemotherapy. Each session lasts a few minutes; the patient may require three to five sessions per week for three to six weeks.

The type of breast cancer the woman has will decide what type of radiation therapy she may have to undergo. In some cases, radiotherapy is not needed.

Radiation therapy types include:

  • Breast radiation therapy – after a lumpectomy, radiation is administered to the remaining breast tissue
  • Chest wall radiation therapy – this is applied after a mastectomy
  • Breast boost – a high-dose of radiation therapy is applied to where the tumor was surgically removed. The appearance of the breast may be altered, especially if the patient’s breasts are large.
  • Lymph nodes radiation therapy – the radiation is aimed at the axilla (armpit) and surrounding area to destroy cancer cells that have reached the lymph nodes
  • Breast brachytherapy – scientists at UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center revealed that patients with early-stage breast cancer in the milk ducts which has not spread, seem to benefit from undergoing breast brachytherapy with a strut-based applicator. This 5-day treatment is given to patients after they have undergone lumpectomy surgery. The researchers found that women who received strut-based breast brachytherapy had lower recurrence rates, as well as fewer and less severe side effects.

Side effects of radiation therapy may include fatigue, lymphedema, darkening of the breast skin, and irritation of the breast skin.

Chemotherapy

Medications are used to kill the cancer cells – these are called cytotoxic drugs. The oncologist may recommend chemotherapy if there is a high risk of cancer recurrence, or the cancer spreading elsewhere in the body. This is called adjuvant chemotherapy.

Doctor holding chemotherapy medication

If the tumors are large, chemotherapy may be administered before surgery. The aim is to shrink the tumor, making its removal easier. This is called neo-adjuvant chemotherapy.

Chemotherapy may also be administered if the cancer has metastasized – spread to other parts of the body. Chemotherapy is also useful in reducing some of the symptoms caused by cancer.

Chemotherapy may help stop estrogen production. Estrogen can encourage the growth of some breast cancers.

Side effects of chemotherapy may include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, fatigue, sore mouth, hair loss, and a slightly higher susceptibility to infections. Many of these side effects can be controlled with medications the doctor can prescribe. Women over 40 may enter early menopause.

You can learn more about chemotherapy in this article.

Protecting female fertility – Scientists have designed a way of aggressively attacking cancer with an arsenic-based chemo medication, which is much gentler on the ovaries. The researchers, from Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago, believe their novel method will help protect the fertility of female patients undergoing cancer treatment.

Hormone therapy (hormone blocking therapy)

Hormone treatments are employed for cancers of the breast which are responsive to the body’s hormones. These kinds of cancer are frequently known to as ER positive (oestrogen receptor positive) and PR positive (progesterone receptor positive) cancers. The goal would be to prevent cancer recurrence. Hormone obstructing treatments are usually used after surgery, but might be used in advance to contract the tumor.

If for your health, the individual cannot undergo surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy, hormone therapy could be the only treatment she receives.

Hormone therapy may have no impact on cancers that aren’t responsive to the body’s hormones.

Hormone therapy usually lasts as much as 5 years after surgery.

The next hormone therapy medications can be utilized:

    • Tamoxifen – prevents estrogen from binding to ER-positive cancer cells. Side effects may include changes in periods, hot flashes, weight gain, headaches, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and aching joints.
    • Aromatase inhibitors – this type of medication may be offered to women who have been through the menopause. It blocks aromatase. Aromatase helps estrogen production after the menopause. Before the menopause, a woman’s ovaries produce estrogen. Examples of aromatase inhibitors include letrozole, exemestane, and anastrozole. Side effects may include nausea, vomiting, fatigue, skin rashes, headaches, bone pain, aching joints, loss of libido, sweats, and hot flashes.

Ovarian ablation or suppression – pre-menopausal women produce estrogen in their ovaries. Ovarian ablation or suppression stop the ovaries from producing estrogen. Ablation is done either through surgery or radiation therapy – the woman’s ovaries will never work again, and she will enter the menopause early.

A luteinising hormone-delivering hormone agonist (LHRHa) drug known as Goserelin will suppress the sex gland. A person’s periods stop during treatment, and can begin anew when she stops taking Goserelin. Women of menopausal age (about half a century) will most likely never start getting periods again. Negative effects can include mood changes, sleeping problems, sweats, and menopausal flashes.

Biological treatment (targeted drugs)

  • Trastuzumab (Herceptin) – this monoclonal antibody targets and destroys cancer cells that are HER2-positive. Some breast cancer cells produce large amounts of HER2 (growth factor receptor 2); Herceptin targets this protein. Possible side effects may include skin rashes, headaches, and/or heart damage.
  • Lapatinib (Tykerb) – this drug targets the HER2 protein. It is also used for the treatment of advanced metastatic breast cancer. Tykerb is used on patients who did not respond well to Herceptin. Side effects include painful hands, painful feet, skin rashes, mouth sores, extreme tiredness, diarrhea, vomiting, and nausea.
  • Bevacizumab (Avastin) – stops the cancer cells from attracting new blood vessels, effectively causing the tumor to be starved of nutrients and oxygen. Side effects may include congestive heart failure, hypertension (high blood pressure), kidney damage, heart damage, blood clots, headaches, mouth sores. Although not approved by the FDA for this use, doctors may prescribe it “off-label”. Using this drug for breast cancer is controversial. In 2011, the FDA said that Avastin is neither effective nor safe for breast cancer.
  • Low dose aspirin – research carried out on laboratory mice and test tubes has suggested that regular low-dose aspirin may halt the growth and spread of breast cancer. Cancer campaigners cautioned that although the current results show great promise, this research is at a very early stage and has yet to be shown to be effective on humans.

Recent developments on breast cancer treatment from MNT news

Biomarker discovery offers ‘glimmer of hope’ for ladies with aggressive cancer of the breast

Triple-negative cancer of the breast is among the most aggressive kinds of cancer of the breast. It’s couple of treatments, making the prognosis poor for affected women. However these women may are in possession of a “glimmer of hope,” after scientists reveal they’ve recognized a possible drug target for that disease.

Genetic test identifies which cancer of the breast patients can avoid chemotherapy

New research printed within the Colonial Journal of drugs unveils the way a genetic test was effective in predicting which patients with early-stage cancer of the breast are unlikely to profit from chemotherapy.

Cancer breakthrough? Drug combo eradicated cancer of the breast growths in 11 days

A cancer drug duo could eventually eliminate the requirement for chemotherapy for ladies with HER2-positive cancer of the breast in new research, a mix of two drugs was discovered to totally eradicate or considerably shrink cancer of the breast growths within 11 times of diagnosis.

Personalized cancer of the breast treatment steps closer with gene discovery

Personalized strategy to cancer of the breast might be around the corner, after scientists uncovered the things they say is easily the most detailed picture up to now which genetic versions lead to growth and development of the condition.

Preventing breast cancer

Some lifestyle changes can help significantly reduce a woman’s risk of developing breast cancer.

  • Alcohol consumption – women who drink in moderation, or do not drink alcohol at all, are less likely to develop breast cancer compared to those who drink large amounts regularly. Moderation means no more than one alcoholic drink per day.
  • Physical exercise – exercising five days a week has been shown to reduce a woman’s risk of developing breast cancer. Researchers from the University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health in Chapel Hill reported that physical activity can lower breast cancer risk, whether it be either mild or intense, or before/after menopause. However, considerable weight gain may negate these benefits.
  • Diet – some experts say that women who follow a healthy, well-balanced diet may reduce their risk of developing breast cancer. A study published in BMJ (June 2013 issue) found that women who regularly consumed fish and marine n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids had a 14% lower risk of developing breast cancer, compared to other women. The authors, from Zhejiang University, China, explained that a “regular consumer” should be eating at least 1 or 2 portions of oily fish per week (tuna, salmon, sardines, etc).
  • Postmenopausal hormone therapy – limiting hormone therapy may help reduce the risk of developing breast cancer. It is important for the patient to discuss the pros and cons thoroughly with her doctor.
  • Bodyweight – women who have a healthy bodyweight have a considerably lower chance of developing breast cancer compared to obese and overweight females.
  • Women at high risk of breast cancer – the doctor may recommend estrogen-blocking drugs, including tamoxifen and raloxifene. Tamoxifen may raise the risk of uterine cancer. Preventive surgery is a possible option for women at very high risk.
  • Breast cancer screening – patients should discuss with their doctor when to start breast cancer screening exams and tests.
  • Breastfeeding – women who breastfeed run a lower risk of developing breast cancer compared to other women. A team of researchers from the University of Granada in Spain reported in the Journal of Clinical Nursing that breastfeeding for at least six months reduces the risk of early breast cancer. This only applies to non-smoking women, the team added. They found that mothers who breastfed for six months or more, if they developed breast cancer, did so on average ten years later than other women.

Recent developments on breast cancer prevention from MNT news

Could eating veggies reduce cancer of the breast risk?

Countless women worldwide receive combined oestrogen and progestin hormone substitute therapy to counter the undesirable results of menopause. Yet research is more and more recommending using such treatment could raise the chance of cancer of the breast. New research implies that luteolin, contained in veggies for example celery, could counter this risk.

Mediterranean diet with essential olive oil associated with reduced chance of cancer of the breast

Research transported in The country and printed in JAMA props up theory the Mediterranean diet, wealthy in plant meals, fish and essential olive oil, may prevent cancer of the breast.

High fiber intake when youthful may lower women’s cancer of the breast risk

High consumption of fiber-wealthy meals in adolescence and early their adult years could reduce women’s risk for cancer of the breast. This is actually the conclusion of new research printed within the journal Pediatric medicine.

Omega-3s could lower cancer of the breast risk in obese women, study indicates

New research has recommended that obese women could experience a decrease in the chance of cancer of the breast with the administration of omega-3 fatty chemicals.

Latest research into breast cancer

Medical News Today is a leading publisher of medical research. All of our latest news about breast cancer can be found in our breast cancer news section.

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  1. Yeah the more i see, the more excited I am for this. I enjoy different takes on the shooter genre

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